Is Worldbuilding Haram? An In-Depth Exploration

Suhel Ahmad

Is Worldbuilding Haram

Worldbuilding, the process of creating imaginary worlds, has captivated the minds of writers, gamers, and storytellers for centuries. However, for Muslims, this creative endeavor raises important questions about its permissibility within the framework of Islamic law and ethics. This article explores whether worldbuilding is considered haram (forbidden) in Islam, addressing various aspects through detailed discussions and Islamic perspectives.

Understanding Worldbuilding

Worldbuilding involves the creation of fictional universes, complete with their own histories, geographies, cultures, and sometimes even languages. This creative process is fundamental to genres such as fantasy, science fiction, and speculative fiction. But what does Islam say about engaging in such imaginative pursuits?

Islamic Principles on Creativity and Art

Islam encourages creativity and the arts, as long as they align with moral and ethical standards. The Quran and Hadith provide examples of storytelling and parables used to convey messages and teachings. This shows that Islam values creative expression, provided it serves a good purpose and does not lead to immoral or harmful outcomes.

The Concept of Haram in Islam

Haram refers to anything that is explicitly prohibited by Islamic law. Determining whether an activity is haram involves examining Quranic verses, Hadith, and scholarly interpretations. The primary concern is whether the activity contradicts the core principles of Islam, such as monotheism, modesty, and moral behavior.

Imaginary Worlds and Tawheed (Monotheism)

A central tenet of Islam is the belief in Tawheed, the oneness of Allah. Some may argue that creating imaginary gods or supernatural beings in worldbuilding could contradict this principle. However, it is crucial to distinguish between fiction and reality. As long as the intent is not to promote polytheism or challenge the concept of Tawheed, worldbuilding can be seen as a form of storytelling rather than a theological assertion.

Morality and Ethics in Fiction

Islam places a strong emphasis on morality and ethics. When creating fictional worlds, it is important to ensure that the content does not promote immorality, violence, or other behaviors contrary to Islamic teachings. Fictional works that glorify such actions could be considered haram. However, if the stories uphold positive values and moral lessons, they may be permissible.

Educational and Inspirational Value

Worldbuilding can have educational and inspirational value. Fictional worlds often serve as allegories for real-world issues, providing insights and fostering empathy. For instance, J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth explores themes of courage, friendship, and the battle between good and evil. When used responsibly, worldbuilding can impart valuable lessons and inspire positive change.

Scholarly Opinions on Worldbuilding Haram

Islamic scholars have diverse opinions on various modern activities, including worldbuilding Haram or not. Some may argue against it due to concerns about promoting falsehoods or distracting from religious duties. Others may see it as a permissible form of artistic expression, as long as it adheres to Islamic values. Consulting knowledgeable scholars can provide clarity on specific aspects of worldbuilding.

The Role of Intention (Niyyah)

In Islam, the intention behind an action holds significant weight. If the intention behind worldbuilding is to entertain, educate, or inspire positive change without promoting immorality or false beliefs, it is less likely to be considered haram. Clear and good intentions can help ensure that the creative process aligns with Islamic teachings.

Balancing Creativity and Faith

Muslims engaged in worldbuilding should strive to balance their creative pursuits with their faith. This involves being mindful of content, themes, and messages conveyed through their work. Regular self-reflection and seeking guidance from Islamic teachings can help maintain this balance and ensure that creativity remains within permissible bounds.


The question of whether worldbuilding is haram in Islam is complex and multifaceted. While there are concerns about promoting falsehoods or contradicting Islamic principles, worldbuilding can be permissible if done with the right intentions and within ethical guidelines. Ultimately, Muslims should seek knowledge, consult scholars, and reflect on their intentions to ensure that their creative endeavors align with their faith.


Q1: Can Muslims write fantasy novels?

A1: Yes, Muslims can write fantasy novels as long as the content adheres to Islamic values and does not promote immorality or false beliefs.

Q2: Is creating fictional gods haram?

A2: Creating fictional gods can be problematic if it promotes polytheism. However, if it is clearly understood as fiction and not meant to challenge Tawheed, it may be permissible.

Q3: Are there Islamic fantasy writers?

A3: Yes, there are Muslim authors who write fantasy and speculative fiction while ensuring their work aligns with Islamic ethics.

Q4: How can I ensure my worldbuilding is Islamically permissible?

A4: Reflect on your intentions, avoid content that contradicts Islamic teachings, and seek guidance from knowledgeable scholars.

Q5: Is playing video games with fictional worlds haram?

A5: Playing video games is generally permissible as long as the content does not promote immorality, violence, or other behaviors contrary to Islamic teachings.

In conclusion, worldbuilding is a nuanced topic within Islam. By understanding the principles of creativity, intention, and morality, Muslims can engage in this creative process while remaining true to their faith.

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